To live, bed bugs feed on the blood of humans and animals. The flat bodies of adult bedbugs resemble apple seeds in size, due to their small, brownish oval shapes. They look reddish, and are swollen after feeding. They do not fly, but are able to move quickly over the floors, walls and ceilings of a home. Over their lifetime, the females may lay hundreds of eggs. In size, the eggs look like a speck of dust. Before they reach maturity, immature bed bugs (nymphs) shed their skins about five times. They need to feed on blood before each shedding. When conditions are favorable, bed bugs can mature within a month, and produce at least three or more generations a year.
The flat bodies of bed bugs enable them to fit into spaces, no wider than a credit card. Undetected, they can enter a home through luggage and clothing, used beds or couches, including other items. Although they do not live in nests, bed bugs live hidden in groups. At first they hide in mattresses and box springs, or bed frames and headboards, to easily access people to bite during the night. In time, they may disperse though the bedroom into cracks, other safe places, rooms and apartments. Bed bugs live exclusively on blood, therefore, they are as likely to be found in immaculately clean homes or hotels, or those that are dirty.
Many people oppose killing phoenix bed bugs with the use of chemical pesticides in their homes. Instead, they prefer the use of environmentally friendly methods to rid their homes of phoenix bed bugs. The non-chemical way of killing all bed bugs, including their eggs, is a combination of “green” products, and the heating of one’s entire home with 150 degree heat. The 150 degree heat permeates floors, furniture, walls and ceilings, without damaging structures or personal belongings. Items that are sensitive can be removed or protected.